Table of Contents

ruleline

Acknowledgements
Technical Report Documentation Page

Executive Summary

Background
Methodology
Conclusion

Introduction

Purpose
Background
Drug Testing Opportunities
Project Objectives

Survey Sampling Procedures
Selection of Primary Sampling Units (PSUs)
Selection of Counties
Selection of Police Jurisdictions
Selection of Survey Locations

Survey Administration
Procedures

Overview
General Survey Procedures
Driver Selection
Basic Survey Sequence
Field Data Recording
Breath Sample Collection Procedure
Oral Fluid Collection Procedure
Blood Collection Procedure

Oral Fluid and Blood Analyses

Selection of Drugs
Oral Fluid
Blood

Drugs
Ethanol (Oral Fluid and Blood)

Results

Data Collection and Management
Pilot Study Subject Recruitment Patterns
Sample Characteristics
Trends
Pilot Study
Breath Test Alcohol Results
Drug Results
Objective Measures of Drug Use

Summary
Antidepressants
Benzodiazepines
Carisoprodol
Marijuana
Cocaine
Other Stimulants
Other Drugs
Ethanol

Alcohol Use Disorder Results
Response Rates and Sample Size
Alcohol Use Disorder Estimates

Discussion and Recommendations
References

List of Tables

Table 1. Trends From Prior National Roadside Surveys
Table 2. National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Sites
Table 3. NRS Pilot Test Sites
Table 4. Drugs of Interest for the National Roadside Survey Pilot Test
Table 5. Concentrations (ng/mL) used for Analysis in Oral Fluid and Blood
Table 6. Drugs Included in Confirmation Profile in Oral Fluid and Blood
Table 7. Response Rates by Site and Survey Element
Table 8. Time Required per Subject for Roadside Data Collection
Table 9. List of Equipment used in the National Roadside Survey Pilot Test
Table 10. Gender and Age Group - NRS Pilot Study
Table 11. Crosstabs of Observed Race/Ethnicity (Columns) Versus  Self-Reported Race/Ethnicity (Rows)
Table 12. Drivers Entering the Survey Sites.
Table 13. Comparison of High BAC Drivers in Relation to Time of Night and Weekend Night and Overall for Samples in 1973, 1986, 1996, and 2005
Table 14. Comparison of High BAC Drivers in Relation to Demographic Characteristics
Table 15. Breath Test Results
Table 16. Breath Test Results: Distribution of BACs above .08
Table 17. Race/Ethnicity by BAC Categories
Table 18. Race/Ethnicity by Previous BAC Categories
Table 19. PAS Reading by BAC Categories – NRS Pilot Study
Table 20. Oral and Blood Specimen Results
Table 21. Oral and Blood Specimen Results by Racial/Ethnic Group
Table 22. Have you taken any meds or drugs in the past year that you think  may have affected your driving? by Drug Test Positive (DRUGPOS)
Table 23. Have you taken any meds or drugs tonight that you think  may affect your driving? by Drug Test Positive (DRUGPOS)
Table 24. Tested Positive for Cocaine by Self-Report Used Cocaine
Table 25. Tested Positive for Opiates by Self-Report Used Heroin, Morphine, or Codeine
Table 26. Tested Positive for Amphetamines by Self-Report Used Amphetamines
Table 27. Tested Positive for Amphetamines by Self-Report Used Amphetamines
Table 28. Tested Positive for Cannabinoids by Self-Report Used Marijuana
Table 29. Tested Positive for Benzodiazepines by Self-Report Used Benzodiazepines
Table 30. Specimens Positive for Drugs*
Table 31. Summary of Total Drug Positive Results by Matrix Tested
Table 32. Overall Drug Results (Includes Specimens Positive for Multiple Drugs)
Table 33. Drivers Testing Positive for Drugs other than Alcohol in either Oral Fluid or Blood
Table 34. Specimens Positive for Ethanol in at Least One Matrix
Table 35. Specimens Positive for Ethanol in at Least One Matrix
Table 36. AUD 15-item Screener Response Rates
Table 37. AUD Screener Prevalence Estimates. n= 516

List of Figures

Figure 1. BACs of Drivers in National Surveys.
Figure 2. National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Primary Sampling Unit Locations
Figure 3. Site Supervisor's Sketches of Site Layouts
Figure 4. Portable Breath Alcohol Test (PBT) Device, Intoxilyzer S-400
Figure 5. BACs of Drivers in National Surveys
Figure 6. 2005 Pilot BACs with New Categories
Figure 7. Pattern of BAC Test Results by Biological Matrix
Figure 8. Blood Alcohol Concentrations of Drivers in National Surveys

Appendices

A.        National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Verbal Interview Consent
B.         National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Instrument
C         Passive Alcohol Sensor (PAS) Specifications
D.        National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Drug Questionnaire
E.         Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) Survey Instrument
F.         National Roadside Survey Pilot Test Screenshots
G.        Portable Breath Alcohol Tester (PBT) Specifications
H         Quantisal Oral Fluid Specifications
I.          Oral Fluid and Blood Analytic Procedures

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