D-F G-I J-L
M-O P-R S-U
New Mexico's "Safe Streets" program - .PDF Version
This report documents Albuquerque, New Mexico's "Safe Streets" program.
This special traffic enforcement program revolved on four major elements:
saturdation patrols, follow-up patrols, freeway speed enforcement,
and sobriety checkpoints.
and Highway Safety 2001: A Review of the State of Knowledge
Starting in 1968, the Department of Transportation has periodically conducted
comprehensive reviews of the state of knowledge on alcohol and traffic
safety. This review covers the scientific literature published since 1990.
Over 700 documents were reviewed. The report covers the spectrum of research
on drinking and driving. The following topics are included: the alcohol
crash problem, alcohols effects on the body and resulting driving
impairment, drinking and driving patterns, and the effectiveness of countermeasures
for impaired driving.
Involvement in Fatal Crashes: Comparisons among Countries
Evaluation of Medical And Financial Outcomes Of Motor Vehicle Crash/Injuries
In Connecticut Also available
This report examines motor vehicle crashes occurring in Connecticut
during 1995, using several linked data sets. The findings reported herein
illustrate the usefulness of using linked data sets to perform these
types of analyses. Alone, each data set could not provide the type and
depth of information provided by the group of linked data sets.
Evaluation of Severity And Outcome Of Injury By Type Of Object Struck
for Motor Vehicle Crashes in Connecticut Also available
This study was funded in part by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration as part of the CODES demonstration project, and performed
in collaboration by the Connecticut Healthcare Research and Education
Foundation (CHREF, a non-profit affiliate of the Connecticut Hospital
Association), the State of Connecticut Department of Transportation
(DOT), and Hartford Hospital.
Collision Avoidance Systems (ACAS) Program
Also available in .pdf
Collision Avoidance Systems (ACAS) Program Also available
of Traffic Safety Research Projects (posted 11-1997)
NHTSA conducts research projects that investigate human attitudes,
behaviors, and failures as they relate to motor vehicle crashes. The
focus is on drivers, passengers, pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists,
and their roles in traffic safety. Evaluations test how well specific
countermeasures work in the real world of traffic safety, crashes,
and impaired driving, and the laws intended to reduce the carnage.
(FAX requests for printed copies of this document, DOT HS 808 599,
to Office of Research & Traffic
and Evaluation of a Comprehensive Program to Reduce Drinking and
Impaired Driving Among College Students (posted 02/28/2002)
This report describes the development and evaluation of a comprehensive
program to reduce impaired driving on a college campus.
Effects of Practice on Interference From an Auditory Task While Driving:
A Simulation Study (posted 12/23/2004)
This research study examined the potential for practice effects from an
auditory stimulus for persons in a driving simulator
of the Aggression Suppression Program, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
This report describes a study that was designed to develop, implement,
and evaluate an innovative enforcement and public information campaign
to reduce aggressive driving in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
of the Illinois .08 Law: An Update with the 1999 FARS Data
In 2000, NHTSA released a report examining the effectiveness of the
Illinois .08 blood alcohol concentration (BAC) per se law. This interim
report examined the impact of the law, with an additional years
worth of fatality data. The study found that the decrease in alcohol
positive fatal drivers was holding, at around 12%.
of Enhanced Sanctions for Higher BACS: Summary of States' Laws
Many states have a statute, regulation, or rule that provides for additional
or more severe sanctions for DUI Offenders with a "high" BAC (typically
.15 or above). This interim report summarizes the laws in each state.
the Effectiveness of Utah's Law Allowing for Telephonic Testimony
at ALR Hearings (posted 10-14-2003)
Traffic Tech -- "Positive
Results with Telephone Testimony At Administration License
Revocation Hearings In Utah"
Although the benefits of an Administrative License Revocation (ALR) law are
numerous, in some jurisdictions there are also issues that make the process
cumbersome and ineffective. In 2000, Utah enacted a law to address a problem
they were having their ALR law. This study examines Utah's use of telephonic
testimony at ALR hearings.
Analysis of Drivers Licensed with Medical Conditions in Utah
This is a follow-up to an earlier study on Utah's Medical Conditions licensing
program. In this study, different levels of restrictions within the conditions
were examined as they relate to citations, crashes, and at fault crashes.
Multiple medical conditions were also evaluated.
[ GI ]
Safety in Black/African American Communities (posted
This report identifies traffic safety issues in Black communities and communication
strategies that could be used to direct traffic safety messages to Black populations.
The report is based on information collected from focus groups held in six States,
as well as one-on-one discussions with community leaders.
- [ J-L
of Child Restraints (posted 2/04/2004)
This report presents
the results of a study that measured the current level of misuse of child
restraint systems among the general public. The project focused specifically
on forms of misuse that can be expected to raise the risk of injury to
a child in the event of a crash. The study collected data on 5,527 children
under 80 lbs in six States.
Traffic Safety Strategies to Youth Characteristics: A Literature Review
of Cognitive Development Also available
Despite the fact that motor
vehicle death rates have declined significantly since 1975, motor vehicle
crashes continue to be the major cause of death and serious disability
for adolescents and young adults. On a per population basis, drivers
under age 25 in the United States (U.S.) had the highest rate of involvement
in fatal crashes of any age group in 1996 and their fatality rate based
on vehicle miles traveled was four times greater than the comparable
rate for drivers age 25 to 65 (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
Study of the Extent of Driving While Suspended for Alcohol-Impaired
Driving (posted 12/18/2002)
This is an observational study to determine the extent of driving on a license
suspended for DWI. Offenders with suspended licenses were observed in Milwaukee,
Wisconsin and Bergen County, New Jersey. Of subjects observed traveling in some
way while suspended, 88% of Milwaukee subjects drove, compared to 36% of Bergen
County subjects. Focus groups were conducted at each site to provide additional
Location of Drivers Involved in Fatal Crashes
Residence Location of Drivers Involved in Fatal Crashes. This is a pre-publication
version of a report on research conducted by NHTSA staff. The final
version of this report will appear in the journal Accident Analysis
and Prevention. (The content of this version may vary from the published
Analysis of Traffic Law Enforcement in the United States also available
in .PDF (posted 8/17/2001)
"This project assessed traffic law enforcement trends in eleven jurisdictions
for the past 10 years. Data were collected, as available, including
citation, violation, labor and budgetary information. The data were
analyzed and comparisons were made where appropriate."
Youthful Risk Taking and Driving (risk.pdf, 435K, posted 10-95)
The purpose of this literature review was to assess the state of knowledge
available on risk taking behavior that would contribute to gaining a
better understanding of youthful risk taking within this broader context.
To accomplish this goal, a review of theoretical as well as research
articles was conducted.
Youthful Risk Taking and Driving: Database Report (data.pdf, 574K,
This report identifies data sources that can serve as tools for understanding
and addressing youthful risk taking. Half of the report describes national
databases. These include databases that focus on traffic safety, substance
use, schooling,and sexual behavior. For each database, the report gives
information on the contents of the database, the methods used to collect
the data, and whom to contact to obtain access. Besides the national
databases, the report describes databases collected by 21 states.
Communications Report (posted 11-1997)
An Investigation of the Safety Implications of Wireless Communications
Safety Needs of US Hispanic Communities: Issues and Strategies (hispanic.pdf,
276K, (posted 04-1996)
This report presents results from a study to identify effective strategies
for promoting highway safety among Hispanics. The project involved discussions
with representatives of agencies and organizations actively engaged
with Hispanic communities in California, Colorado, Texas, Florida, the
District of Columbia, and the New York City/New Jersey area. Nearly
50 focus groups with community members were also conducted across the
those six sites.
of Right Turn on Red (rtor.pdf, 155K, (posted 12-1994)
This report presents a summary of the status of State implementation
of laws permitting right turns at red lights, a review of previous research,
and presents the results of analyses of available data assessing the
safety impact of permitting right turns on red.