Cover Page

Technical Report

Technical Summary


List of Tables


Study Sites

Observational Study

Focus Group Research



The authors would like to acknowledge several persons who assisted us in this study. In Milwaukee, this included Mr. Terry L. Witkowski, Blue Sky Consulting, Inc., and Judge James A. Gramling, Jr., Municipal Court of the City of Milwaukee. In New Jersey, this included the court administrators of the municipalities of Mahwah, Saddle Brook, Ramsey, Franklin Lakes, and Waldwick.

We also are grateful to Mr. Bill Barnard, Milwaukee Area Technical College, who assisted us in recruiting participants for focus groups in Milwaukee. In New Jersey, our recruitment of focus group participants was assisted by Mr. Robert E. Green, Chief, New Jersey Intoxicated Driving Program; Ms. Colleen Costello, Bergen County Intoxicated Driving Resource Center (IDRC); and Mr. Phil Dolce, Passaic County IDRC.

We also appreciate the assistance given by staff in the Wisconsin Division of Motor Vehicles and the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Services, who helped us to interpret state laws regarding alcohol-impaired driving and information on the driver abstracts.