Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle 5. Report Date
1998 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey:
Volume 2
Seat Belt Report
March, 2000
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No.
Alan W. Block, Office Of Research and Traffic Records, NHTSA  
9. Performing Organization Name and Address 10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
Schulman, Ronca & Bucuvalas, Inc.
8403 Colesville Road, Suite 820
Silver Spring, MD 20910
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 13. Type of Report and Period Covered
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Office Of Research and Traffic Records
400 Seventh Street, S.W. Room 6240 (NTS-30)
Washington, DC 20590
Survey conducted Nov. 5, 1998
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
16. Abstract

The 1998 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey was the third in a series of biennial national telephone surveys on occupant protection issues conducted for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Data collection was conducted by the firm Schulman, Ronca & Bucuvalas, Inc., a national survey research organization. The survey used two questionnaires, each administered to a randomly selected national sample of about 4,000 persons age 16 and older. Interviewing began November 5, 1998 and ended January 12, 1999. This report presents the survey findings pertaining to seat belts. Detailed information on the survey methodology, as well as copies of the questionnaires, are contained in a separate NHTSA report ("1998 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey: Methodology Report").

More than three-quarters of drivers (79%) said they wore their seat belt "all the time" while driving, but 10% of these immediately said on a follow-up question that they did not use a seat belt while driving at least once in the past day or week. Adjusted measures of reported seat belt use based on these two questions closely matched observed seat belt use in a NHTSA national observation survey conducted about the same time. Reasons for non-use among part time users revolved around risk perception, while non-users cited discomfort or "other" considerations such as issues of personal freedom, concern about seat belts being dangerous, and the lack of an established habit. The vast majority of the public (86%) favored seat belt laws for front seat passengers, with 78% of these persons also supporting seat belt laws that applied to the back seat. Reported seat belt use was higher in standard (versus secondary) enforcement States, and higher for specific seating positions if persons believed that seating position was

17. Key Words 18. Distribution Statement
Occupant Protection
Seat Belts
Document is available through the National Technical Information Service,
Springfield, VA 22161
19. Security Classif. (of this report) 20. Security Classif. (of this page) 21. No. of Pages 22. Price
Unclassified Unclassified    
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72)
Reproduction of completed page authorized