Medical Conditions and Driving: A Review of the Literature (1960  2000)
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Section1: Introduction
Section 2: Vision
Section 3: Hearing
Section 4: Cardiovascular
Section 5: Cerebrovascular
Section 6: Peripheral Vascular
Section 7: Nervous System
Section 8: Respiratory
Section 9: Metabolic
Section 10: Renal
Section 11: Musculoskeletal
Section 12: Psychiatric
Section 13: Drugs
Section 14: Aging Driver
Section 15: Anesthesia and Surgery
Appendix A
List of Tables
List of Figures
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List of Tables

Table 1  Guidelines for Visual Conditions/Diseases

Table 2  Estimate of the Prevalence of Hearing Impairments by Age Group

Table 3  Risk of Injury from Motor Vehicle Crashes Associated with Impaired Hearing

Table 4  Guidelines for Hearing

Table 5  Sudden Natural Death at the Wheel: Causes of Death

Table 6  Recurrence of Ventricular Arrhythmias in Individuals with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Devices (ICDs)

Table 7  Percentage of Patients Experiencing Pre-syncope or LOC Prior to Receiving an ICD Shock for Recurrent Ventricular Arrhythmias

Table 8  Blood Pressure Classification Criteria for Individuals 18 Years of Age and Older

Table 9  Guidelines for Cardiovascular Diseases

Table 10  Summary of Transient Ischemic Attack Symptoms by Vascular Supply

Table 11  Summary of Studies Assessing Fitness-to-Drive in Individuals Post-CVA

Table 12  Summary of Studies Assessing the Psycho-metric Properties of Fitness-to-Drive Evaluations in Patients Suffering from Cerebrovascular Accidents

Table 13  Guidelines for Cerebrovascular Diseases

Table 14  Guidelines for Peripheral Vascular Diseases

Table 15  Classification System of Epileptic Seizures as Advanced by the Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy

Table 16  Summary of Studies Examining the Risk of Crash for Individuals With Epilepsy

Table 17  Summary of Studies Examining the Relationship Between Crashes and Narcolepsy, and Simulator Performance and Narcolepsy

Table 18  Summary of Studies Examining the Crash Rates of Drivers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Table 19  Summary of Studies Examining Differences in Performance on Simulators and Other Performance Measures Between Individuals with Sleep Apnea and Controls

Table 20  Summary of Studies Examining the Relationship Between Measures of Disease Severity and Crashes and/ or Simulator Measures

Table 21  Guidelines for Diseases of the Nervous System

Table 22  Ratings of Impairment in Individuals With Respiratory Disorders

Table 23  Guidelines for Respiratory Diseases

Table 24  Summary of Studies on the Risk of Crash for Drivers With Diabetes Mellitus

Table 25  Summary of Studies on the Incidence of Severe Hypoglycemic Reactions in Individuals With Diabetes Mellitus

Table 26  Summary of Studies Examining Predictors of Severe Hypoglycemic Reactions in Individuals With Diabetes Mellitus

Table 27  Summary of Studies Investigating the Frequency of Hypoglycemic Unawareness

Table 28  Summary of Studies Examining Possible Predictors of Hypoglycemic Unawareness

Table 29  Guidelines for Metabolic Diseases

Table 30  Guidelines for Renal Diseases

Table 31  Guidelines for Musculoskeletal Diseases

Table 32  Summary of the Research Literature on Psychiatric Conditions and Motor Vehicle Crashes

Table 33  Guidelines for Psychiatric Diseases

Table 34  Guidelines for Drugs

Table 35 Summary of the Research Literature on Dementia and Driving

Table 36 Guidelines for the Aging Driver

Table 37 Summary of Studies Examining Differences in Cognitive Impairment Between Patients Receiving Either a General or Regional Anesthetic

Table 38 Summary of Studies of Effects of General Anesthesia on Cognitive Functioning Post-Operatively

Table 39 Guidelines for Anesthesia and Surgery