Figure 1 Crash Injury Experience, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Never injured Ever injured
East 0.726 0.274

Figure 2 Percent Of Total Population Injured In A Vehicle Crash Over Time, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Past 10 years Past 5 years Past year
East 12.8% 8.2% 1.5%

Figure 3 Percent Injured In A Vehicle Crash Last Year By Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
East 1.5% 3.9% 3.5% 1.8% 1.1% 1.0% 0.7% 0.6%

Figure 4 Injured By Driver/Passenger Status And Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Driver 57% 26% 41% 54% 59% 63% 66% 61%
Passenger 35% 63% 48% 37% 32% 31% 28% 31%

Figure 5 Where Treated For Crash-Related Injuries*, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Other Clinic Doctor's office Accident site Hospital emergency room
East 6% 13% 35% 37% 76%

Figure 6 How Transported From Crash Site, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Helicopter Ambulance DK/refused Neither
East 3% 49% 1% 47%

Figure 7 Length Of Hospitalization, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Not hospitalized Don't know Less than 1 day 1-5 days More than 5 days Don't know/refused
East 0.76 0 0.0195 0.1151 0.0959 0.00974

Figure 8 Proportion Who Received Follow-Up Treatment After Crash And Where Treatment Was Given*, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Received follow-up treatment Doctor's office Physical therapist's office Clinic Hospital Somewhere else
East 58% 46% 28% 12% 16% 5%

Figure 9 Hospitalized By Safety Belt Use, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total hospitalized Wearing safety belt Not wearing safety belt
East 24% 17% 32%

Figure 10 Crash Occurred Less Than Five Miles From Home, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Happened within 5 miles of home Did not happen within 5 miles of home Not sure
  51% 48% 1%

Figure 11 Where Going To and Coming From When Crash Occurred, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Home Work Food store Friend's home School Restaurant Recreation Other place
Going to 40% 13% 9% 11% 5% 1% 4% 14%
Coming from 44% 14% 6% 10% 5% 2% 5% 10%

Figure 12 Level Of Disability Resulting From A Vehicle Crash, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Year of reduced activity Week of reduced activity Ever injured
East 4.5% 16.1% 27.4%

Figure 13 Crash Injury Experience, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Never injured Most recent crash Earlier crash Never Don't know
East 9100 1911 88 1331 58

Figure 14 Concerns About Stopping To Help At A Crash By Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Victim's Safety Lawsuits Personal Safety Assistance No Concerns
College Grad 9% 17% 29% 22% 38%
Some College 9% 13% 21% 18% 43%
High School Grad 9% 11% 16% 19% 46%
< Grade 12 9% 6% 13% 13% 46%

Figure 15 Likelihood Of Stopping By Gender, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Male Female
Definitely stop 61% 68% 55%
Probably stop 29% 25% 33%
Probably not stop 4% 2% 5%
Definitely not stop 2% 1% 2%
Depends 3% 3% 3%

Figure 16 Likelihood Of Calling To Get Help For A Crash, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Definitely would Probably would Definitely/ probably not Depends/don't know/refuse
East 87% 11% 1% 1%

Figure 17 Usually Have A Wireless Phone In Vehicle By Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
East 68% 74% 72% 74% 74% 71% 64% 47%

Figure 18 Usually Have A Wireless Phone in Vehicle By Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total < Grade 12 High school grad Some college College grad
East 68% 54% 61% 72% 77%

Figure 19 How Often Wireless Phone Is On While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  All trips Most trips Half of trips Fewer than half Never
East 57% 17% 7% 8% 12%

Figure 20 How Often Answer Wireless Phone While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Always Usually Seldom Never Don't know/refused
East 41% 31% 18% 10% 1%

Figure 21 How Often Talk On Phone While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  All trips Most trips About half Fewer than half Never Don't know/refused
East 5% 8% 16% 47% 23% 1%

Figure 22 Usually Holds Phone With Hand Or Usually Uses Phone Hands Free, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Uses hands free Hold phone Don't know/refuse
East 39% 60% 1%

Figure 23 How Often Use Wireless Phone Hands Free While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Always use hands free Sometimes hold phone
East 53% 47%

Figure 24 Device Usually Used To Talk Hands Free While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Earpiece/ headset Speakerphone Just the phone Don't know/ refused
East 62% 32% 4% 1%

Figure 25 When Is Earpiece/Headset Usually Put On, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Before start driving While driving When temporarily stopped Don't know/ refused
East 61% 18% 18% 2%

Figure 26. When Is Phone Dialed While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  While driving When temporarily stopped Pull over and stop Don't know/ refused
East 33% 41% 23% 3%

Figure 27. Ever Had To Take Quick Action When On Phone While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Avoid another vehicle or avoid some other object Move back onto roadway Taken at least one of these quick actions
East 11% 4% 12%


Figure 28. Phone Used While Driving Has Added Features, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Has additional features Can only be used for talking Don't know/ refused
East 61% 37% 2%


Figure 29. Features Of Phone, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Other Voice command Text messaging Call waiting Caller ID Navigation Memo E-mail Address/phone book Short messaging Internet access Games Voice mail
East 7% 1% 1% 3% 4% 5% 8% 19% 21% 23% 28% 40% 75%


Figure 30. Use Features Of Phone While Driving, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Yes No
East 25.0% 74.0%  


Figure 31. Used A Car/Cellular Phone To Report An Emergency By Gender, Age And Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  College Grad Some College High School Grad < Grade 12 65+ 55-64 45-54 35-44 25-34 21-24 16-20 Female Male Total
East 37% 32% 25% 12% 10% 26% 33% 38% 35% 29% 22% 29% 29% 29%


Figure 32. Know What The Initials “EMS” Stand For By Gender And Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Male Female 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
East 40% 40% 40% 29% 39% 43% 47% 46% 42% 26%


Figure 33. Know What The Initials “EMS” Stand For By Race/Ethnicity And Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total White AfAm/Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic High school grad Some college College grad
East 40% 44% 31% 19% 43% 20% 37% 45% 50%


Figure 34. Know What The Initials “EMS” Stand For By NHTSA Region, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X
East 40% 40% 48% 41% 44% 42% 42% 37% 36% 26% 40%


Figure 35. First Call In A Medical Emergency By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Urban Suburban Rural
9-1-1 88% 86% 89% 86%
Other 12% 13% 10% 13%


Figure 36. Has 9-1-1 Or Special Emergency Number By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Urban Suburban Rural
Has 9-1-1 95% 95% 96% 94%
Other number 1% 1% 1% 1%


Figure 37. Ever Called Emergency Phone Number By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Urban Suburban Rural
Has 9-1-1 46% 47% 48% 39%


Figure 38. How Long Ago Most Recent Emergency Call Took Place, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Past week Past month Past year Year or more
East 3% 7% 23% 66%
  Past year Year or more Never
East 15% 30% 54%


Figure 39. Emergency Service Called By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Urban Suburban Rural
Police 29% 29% 30% 28%
Fire 11% 11% 11% 10%
Ambulance 49% 50% 47% 54%


Figure 40. Expected Time For Ambulance To Arrive, 2003 , graph, data represented in table below:

  1-5 min 6-10 min 11-15 min 16+ min Don't know
East 41% 28% 12% 13% 7%


Figure 41. Expected Time For Ambulance To Arrive By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Urban Suburban Rural
1-5 min 42% 44% 32%
6-10 min 27% 28% 29%
11-15 min 11% 11% 14%


Figure 42. Expected Time For Ambulance To Arrive By Race/Ethnicity, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  White African American/Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic
1-5 min 42% 35% 35% 41%
6-10 min 28% 26% 26% 28%
11-15 min 12% 12% 11% 12%
More than 15 min 12% 19% 16% 13%


Figure 43. Expected Time For Ambulance To Arrive By Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  High school grad Some college College grad
1-5 min 32% 37% 44% 46%
6-10 min 28% 27% 25% 30%
11-15 min 12% 13% 11% 10%


Figure 44. Confidence In Emergency Workers By Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total Urban Suburban Rural
Very confident 68% 70% 68% 64%
Somewhat confident 27% 25% 27% 30%


Figure 45. Confidence In Emergency Workers By Race/Ethnicity, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total White African American/ Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic
Very confident 68% 69% 65% 60% 69%
Somewhat confident 27% 27% 28% 30% 27%


Figure 46. First Aid Or Emergency Training In Past 5 Years By Education, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total < Grade 12 High school grad Some college College grad
East 32% 22% 25% 38% 39%


Figure 47. First Aid Or Emergency Training In Past 5 Years By Race/Ethnicity, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total White African American/Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic
East 32% 32% 35% 25% 33%


Figure 48. Who Provided Training, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Don't know/Refused Other Military Fire department Red Cross Doctor/health prof School Work
East 2% 11% 3% 4% 11% 16% 19% 39%


Figure 49. Interest In Training To Assist Crash Victims By Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Very interested 25% 29% 34% 31% 28% 24% 20% 14%
Somewhat interested 41% 52% 44% 47% 45% 41% 41% 24%


Figure 50. Interest In Training To Assist Crash Victims By Race/Ethnicity And Community Type, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  White AfAm/Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic   Urban Suburban Rural
Very interested 22% 40% 34% 24%   28% 24% 23%
Somewhat interested 42% 37% 43% 41%   42% 41% 40%


Figure 51. Interest In Training To Assist Crash Victims By NHTSA Region, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X
Very interested 23% 26% 20% 27% 20% 30% 22% 25% 29% 26%
Somewhat interested 35% 39% 44% 39% 43% 40% 45% 46% 43% 36%


Figure 52. Likely To Take A 2-Hour Course By Age, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total 16-20 21-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Very likely 49% 43% 48% 50% 51% 48% 49% 51%
Somewhat likely 43% 46% 46% 43% 42% 45% 45% 32%


Figure 53. Likely To Take A 2-Hour Course By Race/Ethnicity, 2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Total White African American/Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic
Very likely 49% 47% 58% 47% 49%
Somewhat likely 43% 44% 36% 40% 43%


Figure 54. Ever Injured In A Vehicle Crash, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
Very likely 23% 23% 24% 24% 24%
      4% 4% 3%


Figure 55. Hospitalized After A Vehicle Crash, 1996-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1996 1998 2000 2003
Very likely 26% 25% 26% 24%


Figure 56. Hospitalized By Safety Belt Use, 1996-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1996 1998 2000 2003
Wearing Safety Belt 20% 18% 16% 17%
Not Wearing Safety Belt 31% 33% 30% 32%


Figure 57. Proportion Who Received Follow-Up Treatment After Crash, 1998-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1998 2000 2003
Very likely 56% 57% 58%


Figure 58. Disabled For At Least A Week After Vehicle Crash, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
Very likely 14% 14% 15% 16% 16%


Figure 59. Concerns About Stopping To Help At A Vehicle Crash, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  Victim's safety Lawsuits Personal safety Ability to assist No concerns
1994 8% 10% 15% 12% 59%
1996 6% 12% 15% 16% 52%
1998 6% 11% 18% 13% 54%
2000 9% 12% 19% 17% 46%
2003 9% 13% 21% 19% 43%


Figure 60. Likelihood Of Stopping At A Crash, 1996-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1996 1998 2000 2003
Definitely would 59% 64% 62% 61%
Probably would 29% 27% 29% 29%


Figure 61. Likelihood Of Calling To Get Help For A Crash, 1996-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1996 1998 2000 2003
Definitely would 86% 88% 88% 87%
Probably would 12% 10% 10% 11%


Figure 62. Availability Of Wireless Phone In Vehicle Among Drivers, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
1994 17% 31% 44% 54% 68%


Figure 63. Know What The Initials “EMS” Stand For, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
1994 45% 49% 53% 47% 40%


Figure 64. Would Call 9-1-1 First In Medical Emergency, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
1994 84% 88% 89% 90% 88%


Figure 65. Has 9-1-1 or Special Emergency Number, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
Has 9-1-1 91% 93% 95% 95% 95%
Has other number 4% 3% 2% 1% 1%


Figure 66. Ever Called Emergency Phone Number, 1996-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1996 1998 2000 2003
Has 9-1-1 41% 42% 42% 46%


Figure 67. Expected Time For Ambulance To Arrive, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1-5 min 6-10 min 11-15 min 16+ min
1994 42% 28% 13% 13%
1996 42% 27% 12% 13%
1998 41% 29% 12% 12%
2000 42% 28% 12% 12%
2003 41% 28% 12% 13%


Figure 68. Very Confident In Emergency Workers, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
1994 67% 66% 68% 67% 68%


Figure 69. Had Emergency Training In Past 5 Years, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996   2000 2003
1994 31% 32%   33% 32%


Figure 70. Very Interested In Training To Assist Crash Victims, 1994-2003, graph, data represented in table below:

  1994 1996 1998 2000 2003
1994 29% 29% 26% 25% 25%

z*[se(x) =√(p*q)/(n-1)]

ASE=1.96√g∑h=1[W2h{1-fh)(s2h/nh-1)}]

sd= (s12 + s22)