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Costs of Injuries Resulting from Motorcycle Crashes:
A Literature Review
Appendix C
Publications Collected but Not Reviewed

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Bachulis, B.L., Sangster, W., Gorrell, G.W., & Long, W.B. (1988). Patterns of injury in helmeted and non-helmeted motorcyclists. American Journal of Surgery, 155(May), 708-711.

Burke, E.C. (1993). Helmet law would put us on the road to good health. Minnesota Medicine, 76(3), 5.

Careme, L.M.M. (1990). Collision dynamics and injury causation in motorcycle accidents. SAE Technical Paper, 900745.

Casserly, H.B. (1991). ‘Levis’ jeans and motorcycle knee injuries. Injury, 22(5), 422-423.

Chang, G., Astrachan, B., Ulrich, W., & Bryant, K. (1992). Reporting alcohol-impaired drivers: Results from a national survey of emergency physicians. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 21(3), 284-290.

Chenier, T.C., & Evans, L. (1987). Motorcyclist fatalities and the repeal of mandatory helmet wearing laws. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 19(2), 133-139.

Chesham, D.J., Rutter, D.R., & Quine, L. (1993). Motorcycling safety research: A review of the social and behavioral literature. Soc. Sci. Med., 37(3), 419-429.

Council on Scientific Affairs, AMA. (1994). Helmets and preventing motorcycle, and bicycle related injuries. JAMA, 272(19), 1535-1538.

Curtis, N. (1994). Emergency services: Leather-clad lifesavers. Nurs Stand 9(3),18-19.Evans, L., & Frick, M.C. (1988). Helmet effectiveness in preventing motorcycle driver and passenger fatalitites. Accident Analysis and Prevention 20(6), 447-458.

Fleming, N.S., & Becker, E.R. (1992). The impact of the Texas 1989 motorcycle helmet law on total and head-related fatalities, severe injuries, and overall injuries. Medical Care 30,(9), 832-845.

Gabella, B., Reiner, K.L., Hoffman, R.E., Cook, M., & Stallones, L. (1995). Relationship of helmet use and head injuries among motorcycle crash victims in El Paso County, Colorado, 1989-1990. Accident Analysis and Prevention 27(3) 363-369.

Gopalakrishna, G., Peek-Asa, C., & Kraus, J.F. Epidemiologic features of facial injuries among motorcyclists. Annals of Emergency Medicine 32(4), 425-430.

Gullard, A. (1997). All cut up about men in leather. Nursing Times 93(47),14-15.

Johnson, R.M., McCarthy, M.C., Miller, S.F., & Peoples, J.B. (1995). Craniofacial trauma in injured motorcyclists: the impact of helmet usage. J Trauma, 38(6), 876-878.

Koch, H., & Schulz, U. (1993). Factors that influence the involvement of motorcycle riders. The Thirteenth International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, 263-268.

Kraus, J.F., Anderson, C.L., Hemyari, P., Zador, P.L., & Sun, G. (1992). Features of fatal- and severe-injury motorcycle crashes according to vehicle design type, California 1985. J Traffic Med 20(1), 172-176.

Kraus, J.F., & Peek, C. (1995). The impact of two related prevention strategies on head injury reduction among nonfatally injured motorcycle riders, California, 1991-1993. Journal of Neurotrauma, 12(5), 873-881.

Kraus, J.F., Peek, C., Shen, H., & Williams, A. (1995). Motorcycle crashes: Injuries, rider, crash and vehicle characteristics associated with helmet use. J Traffic Med, 23(1), 29-35.

Kraus, J.F., Peek, C., McArthur, D.L., & Williams, A. (1994). The effect of the 1992 California motorcycle helmet use law on motorcycle crash fatalities and injuries. JAMA, 272(19), 1506-1511.

Kraus, J.F., Peek, C., & Williams, A. (1995). Compliance with the 1992 California motorcycle helmet use law. Am J Public Health, 85(1), 96-99.

Lapidus, G., Braddock, M., Schwartz, R., Banco, L., & Jacobs, L. (1994). Accuracy of fatal motorcycle-injury reporting on death certificates. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 26(4), 535-542.

Lloyd, L.E., Lauderdale, M., & Betz, T.G. (1987). Motorcycle deaths and injuries in Texas: helmets make a difference. Texas Medicine, 83, 30-33.

MacKinney, T., & Baker, T. (1994). Impact of motor vehicle injury in Taiwan using potential productive years of life lost. Asia Pac J Public Health, 7(1), 10-15.

Mounce, N., Brackett, Q., Hinshaw, W., Lund, A.K., & Wells, J.K. (1992). The reinstated comprehensive motorcycle helmet law in Texas. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 12.

Ommaya, A.K., Ommaya, A.K., Dannenberg, A.L., Salazar, A.M. (1996). Causation, incidence, and costs of traumatic brain injury in the U.S. military medical system. Journal of Trauma 40(2), 211-217.

Orsay, E.M., Muelleman, R.L., Peterson, T.D., Jurisic, D.H., Kosasih, J.B., & Levy, P. (1994). Motorcycle helmets and spinal injuries: dispelling the myth. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 23(4), 802-806.

Ouellet, J.V. (1990). Appropriate and inappropriate strategies for injury reduction in motorcycle accidents. SAE Technical Paper, 900747.

Peck, R.C., & Healey, E.J. (1995). Accident costs and benefit cost analysis. Research Notes, Winter 1995-96, 2-3.

Peek, C., Braver, E.R., Shen, H., & Kraus, J.F. (1994). Lower extremity injuries from motorcycle crashes: A common cause of preventable injury. J Trauma, 37(3), 358-364.

Peek-Asa, C., & Kraus, J.F. (1997). Estimates of injury impairment after acute traumatic injury in motorcycle crashes before and after passage of a mandatory helmet use law. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 29(5), 630-636.

Peek-Asa, C., McArthur, D.L., & Kraus, J.F. (1999). The prevalence of non-standard helmet use and head injuries among motorcycle riders. Accident Analysis and Prevention 31 229-233.

Radin Umar, R.S, Mackay, M., & Hills, B. (2000). Multivariate analysis of motorcycle accidents and the effects of exclusive motorcycle lanes in Malaysia. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control 2(1), 11-17.

Rollberg, C.A. (1990). The mandatory motorcycle helmet law issue in Arkansas: the cost of repeal. Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society, 86(8), 312-316.

Romano, P.S., & McLoughlin, E. (1991). Helmet use and fatal motorcycle injuries in California, 1987-1988. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 6(2), 21-37.

Sarkar, S., Peek-Asa, C., & Kraus, J.F. (1995). Fatal injuries in motorcycle riders according to helmet use. Journal of Trauma 38(2), 242-245.

Soderstrom, C.A., Dischinger, P.C., Ho, S.M., & Soderstrom, M.T. (1993). Alcohol use, driving records, and crash culpability among injured motorcycle drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention 25(6), 711-716.

Sosin, D.M., & Sacks, J.J.. (1992). Motorcycle helmet-use laws and head injury prevention. JAMA, 267(12), 1649-1651.

Sosin, D.M., Sacks, J.J., & Holmgreen, P. (1990). Head injury-associated deaths from motorcycle crashes: Relationship to helmet-use laws. JAMA, 264(18), 2395-2399.

Swaddiwudhipong, W., Boonmak, C., Nguntra, P., & Mahasakpan, P. (1998). Effect of motorcycle rider education on changes in risk behaviours and motorcycle-related injuries in rural Thailand. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 3(10), 767-770.

Teresi, D. (1999). The wild one. Forbes FYI, 41-44.

Tsai, Y.J., Wang, J.D., & Huang, W.F. (1996). Case-control study of the effectiveness of different types of helmets for the prevention of head injuries among motorcycle riders in Taipei, Taiwan. American Journal of Epidemiology, 142(9), 974-981.

Van Tuinen, M. (1994). Unsafe driving behaviors and hospitalization. Missouri Medicine, 91(4), 172-175.

Wagle, V.G., Perkins, C., & Vallera, A. (1993). Is helmet use beneficial to motorcyclists? J Trauma, 34(1), 120-122.

Walsh, W.H., & Johnson, S.W. (1995). Crash outcome data evaluation system data linkage of medical patient records with highway crash data. In Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 94-S5-W-14, 869-878.

Wick, M., Müller, E.J., Ekkernkamp, A., & Muhr, G. (1998). The motorcyclist: easy rider or easy victim? An analysis of motorcycle accidents in Germany. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 16(3), 320-323.

Wu, S.I., Yang, G.Y., Chou, P., Chao, S.H., Tao, C.C., & Chen, K.T. An analysis of traffic injuries in Taiwan in relation to alcohol use and economic loss. Injury 22(5), 357-361.

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