Table of Content

Ball, K., Owsley, C., Sloane, M., Roenker, D., and Bruni, J. (1993). "Visual Attention Problems as a Predictor of Vehicle Accidents Among Older Drivers." Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science: Supplement.

Benekohal, R.F., Resende, P., Shim, E., Michaels, R.M., and Weeks, B. (1992). Highway Operations Problems of Elderly Drivers in Illinois. Publication No. FHWA-IL-023. Illinois Department of Transportation, Springfield, IL.

Brainin, P.A. (1980). Safety and Mobility Issues in Licensing and Education of Older Drivers. Publication No. DOT-HS-805-492, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC.

Brouwer, W.H., Ickenroth, J.G., Ponds, R.W.H.M., and Van Wolffelaar, P.C. (1990). "Divided Attention in Old Age." In: European Perspectives in Psychology, Volume 2, Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Brown, J., Greaney, K. Mitchel, J. and Lee, W.S. (1993). Predicting Accidents and Insurance Claims among Older Drivers. Research performed by ITT Hartford Insurance Group (Hartford CT) and AARP (Washington, DC); Available from ITT Hartford Insurance Group: Southington, CT.

Campbell, K.L. (1993). "Recent Research in Developing Accident Typologies." Proceedings of Human Factors Research in Highway Safety, Transportation Research Record, Circular 414.

Cerella, J. (1985). "Information Processing Rates in the Elderly." Psychological Bulletin, 98.

Council, F.M. and Zeeger, C.W. (1992). Accident Analysis of Older Drivers and Pedestrians at Intersections--Task B Working Paper. Contract No. DTFH61-91-C-00033, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

Dobbs, A.R. (1997). Evaluating the Driving Competence of Dementia Patients. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, Vol. 11, Supplement 1, pp. 8-12.

Gebers, M.A. (1990). Traffic-Conviction and Accident-Record Facts. California Department of Motor Vehicles, Report No. CAL-DMV-RSS-127.

Gianutsos, R. (1994). "Elemental Simulator for Driving Advisement." Behavior Research Methods, Instrumentation, and Computers, 26, 1-5.

Goggin, N.L., Stelmach, G.E., and Amrhein, P.C. (1989). "Effects of Age on Motor Preparation and Restructuring." Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 27, pp. 199-202.

Hauer, E. (1988). "The Safety of Older Persons at Intersections." Transportation in an Aging Society, Special Report 218, Volumes 1 and 2, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

Hennessy, D. (1995). Vision Testing of Renewal Applicants: Crashes Predicted When Compensation for Impairment is Inadequate. Publication No. RSS-95-152, California Department of Motor Vehicles.

Hills, B.L. (1975). Some Studies of Movement Perception, Age, and Accidents. Report SR137. Department of the Environment, Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England.

IIHS (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety). (1988). IIHS Facts. Arlington, VA.

Janke, M. and Hersch, S.W. (1997). Assessing the Older Driver: Pilot Studies. Publication No. RSS-97-172. Cooperative agreement between USDOT/NHTSA and CA DMV, Contract No. DTNH22-93-Y-5330.

Johansson, K., Seidman, M., Kristoffersson, M., Lundberg, C., Lennerstrand, G., Hedin, A., and Viitanen, M. (1997). "Elderly Drivers with Automobile Crashes Show Impairment in Static and Dynamic Visual Acuity Measured with Snellen's"E" Compared to Matched Controls." In: Johansson (1997). Older Automobile Drivers: Medical Aspects. Doctoral Dissertation, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Keyl, P.M., Rebok, G.W., Bylsma, F.W., Turn, L. Brandt, J., Teret, S., Chase, G.A., and Sterns, H.L. (in press). "Cognitive Function, Driving Simulator Performance, and Crash History in Alzheimer's Disease Patients and Elderly Controls."

McKnight, A.J. and Lange, J.E. (1997). Automated Screening Techniques for Drivers with Age-Related Ability Deficits. National Public Services Research Institute: Landover, MD.

National Public Services Research Institute (NPSRI). (1991). A Description of Measures of Driving-Related Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities. Landover, MD.

Ostrow, A.C., Shaffron, P., and McPherson, K. (1992). "The Effects of a Joint Range-of-Motion Physical Fitness Training Program on the Automobile Driving Skills of Older Adults." Journal of Safety Research, 23, pp. 207-219.

Owsley, C., Ball, K., Sloane, M., Roenker, D., and Bruni, J.R. (1991). "Visual/Cognitive Correlates of Vehicle Accidents in Older Drivers." Psychology and Aging, 6(3), pp. 403-415.

Owsley, C., Sekuler, R., and Siemsen, D. (1983). "Contrast Sensitivity Throughout Adulthood." Vision Research, 23.

Peck, R. (1993). The Identification of Multiple Accident Correlates in High Risk Drivers with Specific Emphasis in the Role of Age, Experience, and Prior Traffic Violation Frequency. Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving, Volume 9, Numbers 3-4, pp. 145-166. Los Angeles: UCLA Brain Information Service/Brain Research Institute.

Richards, O.W. (1972). "Some Seeing Problems: Spectacles, Color Driving and Decline From Age and Poor Lighting." American Journal of Optometry and Archives of the American Academy of Optometry, 49.

Salthouse, T.A. (1984). "Effects of Age and Skill in Typing." Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 13, pp. 345-371.

Shinar, D. and Schieber, F. (1991). "Visual Requirements for Safety and Mobility of Older Drivers." Human Factors, 33(5), pp. 507-519.

Simon, J.R. and Pouraghabagher, A.R. (1978). "The Effect of Aging on the Stages of Processing in a Choice Reaction Time Task." Journal of Gerontology, 33, pp. 553-561.

Staplin, L., Ball, K., Park, D., Decina, L., Lococo, K., Gish, K., and Kotwal, B. (1997). Synthesis of Human Factors Research on Older Drivers and Highway Safety, Volume I: Older Driver Research Synthesis. USDOT/FHWA Publication No. FHWA-RD-97-094. Washington, DC.

Staplin, L. and Fisk, A. (1991). "A Cognitive Engineering Approach to Improving Signalized Left-Turn Intersections." Human Factors, 33(5), pp. 559-571.

Staplin, L., Harkey, D., Lococo, K., and Tarawneh, M. (1997). Intersection Geometric Design and Operational Guidelines for Older Drivers and Pedestrians, Volume I: Final Report. USDOT/FHWA Publication No. FHWA-RD-96-132. Washington, DC.

Staplin, L., Lococo, K., McKnight, A.J., McKnight, A.S., and Odenheimer, G. (in press). Intersection Negotiation Problems of Older Drivers, Volume II: Background Synthesis on Age and Intersection Driving Difficulties. USDOT/NHTSA Contract no. DTNH22-93-C-05237. Washington, DC.

Staplin, L., Lococo, K., and Sim, J. (1990). Traffic Control Design Elements for Accommodating Drivers with Diminished Capacity. Publication No. FHWA-RD-90-055, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

Staplin, L., Lococo, K., and Sim, J. (1993). Traffic Maneuver Problems of Older Drivers. Publication No. FHWA-RD-92-092, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

Staplin, L. and Lyles, R.W. (1991). "Age Differences in Motion Perception and Specific Traffic Maneuver Problems." Transportation Research Record, 1325, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

Stelmach, G.E. and Nahom, A. (1992). "Cognitive-Motor Abilities of the Elderly Driver." Human Factors, vol. 34(1), pp. 53-65.

Stutts, J.C., Stewart, J.R., and Martell, C.M. (1998). "Cognitive Test Performance and Crash Risk in an Older Driver Population." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30(3), pp. 337-346..

Tallman, K. Tuokko, H., and Beattie, B. (1993). Driving Performance in the Cognitively Impaired Elderly. Final Report. NHRDP Project No. 6610-1759, Health and Welfare Canada.

Temple, L. (1989). Perceptual and Cognitive Factors Affecting Driving Ability of Young and Older Drivers, AARP Andrus Foundation: Washington, DC. 20049.

Waldman, D.A. and Avolio, B.J. (1986). "A Meta-Analysis of Age Differences in Job Performance." Journal of Applied Psychology, 71.

Waller, P.F., House, E.G., and Stewart, J.R. (1977). "An Analysis of Accidents by Age. " Paper presented at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.