Driving When You Have Macular Degeneration
For most people, driving represents freedom, control and competence. Driving enables most people to get to the places they want to go and to see the people they want to see when they want.
Driving is a complex skill. Our ability to drive safely can be challenged by changes in our physical, emotional and mental condition.
The goal of this brochure is to help you, your family and your health care professional talk about how
macular degeneration may affect your ability to drive safely.
How can having macular degeneration
affect my driving?
Macular degeneration can distort your central vision and can lead to loss of sharp vision. Macular degeneration also can make it difficult to see road signs, traffic, and people walking, and may affect your ability to drive safely.
Can I still drive with a macular degeneration?
If your eye care expert has told you that you have macular degeneration, there are certain things that you should know and do to stay a safe driver.
People experience the visual effects of macular degeneration in different ways. In the early stages of macular degeneration, you may only have small central areas of vision loss or distortion that may not affect your driving. In fact, you may not even notice any change in your eyesight. As macular degeneration progresses, it may become harder for you to see clearly. This may make you worry about your vision and make it harder to drive safely.
What can I do when macular degeneration
affects my driving?
If you have a family history of macular degeneration or have any changes in your central vision, you should immediately contact your eye care expert. After a definitive diagnosis of macular degeneration, how often you visit your eye care expert depends on your doctor's advice, the type of macular degeneration that you have, and your symptoms.
Although there is not much that can be done to stop the disease from getting worse, the use of antioxidant vitamins may help retard its progression. Additionally, there are surgical procedures that may help if they are done in the early stages of the disease.
Your eye care expert may refer you to a specialist who can go on a drive with you to see if macular degeneration has affected your driving. The specialist also may offer training to improve your driving skills. Improving your skills could help keep you and others around you safe. To find a specialist near you, call the Association of Driver Rehabilitation Specialists at
or go to their website at www.aded.net
. You also can call hospitals and rehabilitation facilities to find an occupational therapist who can help with the driving skills assessment.
What if I have to give up and cut back on driving?
You can keep your independence even if you have to give up
or cut back on your driving. It may take planning ahead on your part, but it will get you to the places you want to go and the people you want to see. Consider:
rides with family and friends;
shuttle buses or vans; and
public buses, trains and subways.
Also, senior centers, and religious and other local service groups often offer transportation services for older adults in your community.
Who can I call for help
Call the ElderCare Locator at 1-800-677-1116 and ask for your local Office on Aging, or go to
their website www.eldercare.gov.
Call Easter Seals Project ACTION (Accessible Community Transportation In Our Nation) at 1-800-659-6428 or go to their website
Where do I find out more about
macular degeneration and its treatment?
American Optometric Association
American Academy of Ophthalmology
National Eye Institute 301-496-5248 www.nei.nih.gov