II.B. You will need to customize this section for your school district. For instance, you may not have strobe lights or use chains or sand release devices. Instead, weather-related equipment on your buses may include 4-way flashers, winter fronts, heated mirrors, and even kitty litter.Create your own slide to reflect the equipment used in your district.
II.B.2.b. Policies for the use of strobe lights vary. Some districts use them when weather inhibits visibility. Some also use them when the school bus is moving extremely slowly. Some school systems require that they be on at all times.
II.B.3. You may choose to present this section only if your school buses are equipped with this equipment. If you do have this equipment, it is assumed that the school bus drivers have been taught how to use it.
II.B.3.a.3 This prevents damage to the chains.
II.B.3.b. Stand-alone chains are seldom used by school districts anymore. They are heavy and can be difficult to install. If your district does use them, the school bus drivers must be well-trained in their installation. In some states, the school bus driver is required to know how to install chains.
II.B.3.b.3 If a bus carries chains for possible installation, it must also carry blocks for safety while installing the chains.
II.B.3.c. Sand release devices are not widely used except in some school districts in mountainous states.
II.D.2. ABS stands for anti-lock braking system.
II.D.2. Discuss how to find out if a school bus in your school district has anti-lock brakes. Not only should a regular school bus driver know what type of brakes are on his or her school bus but substitute drivers also need to know how to find out this information.
II.D.4.a. This process is called pumping.
II.D.6.e. Some drivers, especially new ones, have a tendency to “ride the brakes.” This can also cause brake fade.
II.D.6.g.1 With older school buses, the rule for choosing gears was to use the same gear going down a hill that you would need to climb the hill. However, newer school buses with more powerful engines and lower friction parts can go up hills in higher gears and have less friction to slow them down going down hills.
II.D.7. You may choose to present this section only if your buses are equipped with this equipment. If you do have this equipment, it is assumed that the school bus drivers have been taught how to use it.
II.D.7. Review the types of retarders on your school buses and how to use them properly.
II.D.9. School bus drivers should NOT be left-foot braking. A person who uses the left foot to brake will usually still have the right foot on the accelerator.
II.E. This may a good place to talk about the best place to get good local weather information. If you haven't already done so, your school district may choose a particular station that all school bus drivers will listen to.
II.E.2. Distribute Handout #1, Weather Terms, but only review #1. Explain that all the other terms on the list describe advisories, watches, or warnings for different kinds of weather elements.