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In-Service Safety Series
In-Service Safety Series
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Time: 1 hour 30 minutes presentation; 20-30 minutes practice per person per vehicle

Description: Drivers must be familiar with all of the buses they drive. At the completion of this module, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe what handling characteristics they must learn about each bus
  2. Recognize when the mirrors on the bus are correctly adjusted
  3. Use the mirrors to gauge the space around the bus and to back up the bus
  4. Pass the wheelbase test (know how much room they need to turn).

#1 Correct Mirror Adjustment
#2 Backing the Bus
#3 Making Turns
#4 Practice Session - Station #1, Mirror Adjustment
#5 Practice Session - Station #2, Backing the Bus
#6 Practice Session - Station #3, Making a Right Turn

Could be presented with:
Knowing Your Route
Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Safety

What the Pupil Transportation Supervisor Can Do

  • Require school bus drivers to practice on their own.
  • If at all possible, pay school bus drivers for their practice time. NOTE: If your state requires that any time spent practicing is compensable, you may need to clearly define and monitor what is approved practice time.
  • Make sure that someone is always available to help a driver with mirror adjustment.
  • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 111 sets out a 16 cone field-of-view test for school buses. This test is used in the practice session of this topic. Although FMVSS 111 states that it is effective for school buses manufactured after December 1993, drivers on older buses should also be able to see the cones. In order for the drivers to see the cones, you may have to change brackets or add mirrors to the bus.

Additional Resources

  1. The School Bus Driver International Safety Competition sponsored by the National School Transportation Association (see General Resources).

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