Illegal Passing: A Model Solution

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How will we do it?

Program activities are the visible part of your program. Activities turn your goals into actions. This is what the public will see. 

While the opening of school is a key time to implement a stop-arm compliance program, you need to reinforce your message throughout the school year with waves of information and education as well as with periodic enforcement blitzes. Some key times might be as school comes back into session after winter or spring break or if 
there is an increase in violations.

Developing a Stop–Arm Compliance Program: An Overview

Most transportation safety programs include four basic components: enforcement, engineering, education, and policy/legislation.


Activities in this component are designed to increase compliance with traffic laws. For a stop-arm compliance program, the focus would be on increasing compliance with laws governing the passing of school buses. Law enforcement agencies may increase enforcement of such laws at the beginning of the school year or at specific times throughout the year to reinforce the importance of these laws and to increase motorists' adherence to them.
Selective Traffic Enforcement Programs (sTEP) have been found to be especially effective. These programs are implemented in waves. The first wave consists of public education and publicity to raise awareness of the law and inform the public about the upcoming period of increased enforcement. The second wave is a period of increased enforcement. This is followed by a period of normal enforcement combined with another wave of publicity to inform the public about the results of the increased enforcement. These waves (education/publicity-enforcement-publicity) can be repeated as necessary.


This component looks at issues such as design, construction, and signage. For a stop-arm compliance program, activities might include analyzing a bus route with a high number of illegal passings to determine safer locations to load/unload or researching changes to the bus that would make it more visible (e.g., additional lights).
Best Practices Guide: Reducing the Illegal Passing of School Buses