Side bar


This guide was developed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) with the input of a multidisciplinary working group of judges, prosecutors, and researchers. The conclusions and recommendations in this guide are based on the findings of over 30 years of research on the effectiveness of sanctions for impaired-driving offenders.

NHTSA and NIAAA would like to acknowledge the contributions of the members of an expert panel who reviewed the previous guide, made suggestions for updating it, and reviewed the various drafts of the updated guide. The experts included Judges Karl B. Grube, William F. Todd, Jr., and Robin Smith; prosecutors William D. “Billy” Bond, David Wallace, and Marcia Cunningham; Crime Assistance Coordinator Joan Koechig; and researchers Douglas Beirness, Patricia Waller, and Thomas Nochajski.

The NHTSA Project Manager was J. De Carlo Ciccel. The NHTSA Scientific Advisor was James Frank and the NHTSA Justice Advisor was Brian Chodrow. The NIAAA Project Officer was Kathy Salaita. The principal investigator and chief editor was James C. Fell of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE). Other significant contributions from PIRE were from John Lacey, Corina Sole Brito, and Robert Voas. Alma Lopez and Amy Owens from PIRE managed the production and formatting of the report.

All material contained in this guide is in the public domain and may be reproduced without the permission