|Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communications for Safety is the dynamic wireless exchange of data between nearby vehicles that offers the opportunity for significant safety improvements. By exchanging anonymous, vehicle-based data regarding position, speed, and location (at a minimum), V2V communications enable a vehicle to: sense threats and hazards with a 360-degree awareness of the position of other vehicles and the threat or hazard they present; calculate risk; issue driver advisories or warnings; and take preemptive action to avoid and mitigate crashes. At the heart of V2V communications is a basic application known as the "Here I Am" data message. This message can be derived using either non-vehicle-based technologies such as GPS to identify a vehicle's location and speed, or vehicle-based sensor data wherein the location and speed data is derived from the vehicle's computer and is combined with other data such as latitude, longitude, or angle to produce a richer, more detailed situational awareness of the position of other vehicles.
- Safety Pilot Model Deployment Deliverable: Test Conductor Team Report (DOT HS 812 171)
In order to advance vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication technology and support an agency decision regarding this technology, NHTSA undertook the Safety Pilot Model Deployment (SPMD). The objective was to support the evaluation of dedicated short-range communication technology for V2V safety applications. The focus was to collect data to support (1) functional evaluation of V2V safety applications, (2) assessment of the operational aspects of messages that support vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) safety applications, and (3) comprehension of the operational and implementation characteristics of a prototype security operating concept. All of this equated to an assessment of a real-world deployment of V2V technology. The program initially covered 2 years, with the first year used to establish the site and the second year used to collect data. The SPMD started in August 2011 and including a data collection extension ended in August 2014.
- Human Factors for Connected Vehicles: Effective Warning Interface Research FindingsDOT HS 812 068, September 2014
- Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications: Readiness of V2V Technology for Application, DOT HS 812 014, August 2014
- Description of Light-Vehicle Pre-Crash Scenarios for Safety Applications Based On Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications, DOT HS 811 731, May 2013
- Depiction of Priority Light-Vehicle Pre-Crash Scenarios for Safety Applications Based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications, DOT HS 811 732, April 2013
- Light Vehicle Crash Avoidance Needs and Countermeasure Profiles for Safety Applications Based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications, DOT HS 811 733, April 2013
- Vehicle Safety Communications – Applications (VSC-A)
Final Report: September 2011, DOT HS 811 492A [1.79MB]
Final Report: Appendix Volume 1 - System Design and Objective Test, September 2011, DOT HS 811 492B [2.72MB]
Final Report: Appendix Volume 2 - Communications and Positioning, September 2011, DOT HS 811 492C [9.69MB]
Final Report: Appendix Volume 3 - Security, September 2011, DOT HS 811 492D [7.13MB]
- USDOT Connected Vehicle Research Program: Vehicle-to-Vehicle Safety Application Research Plan, DOT HS 811 373, October 2011
- Vehicle Safety Communications – Applications VSC-A Second Annual Report. January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2008. August 2011, DOT HS 811 466
- Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems (IVBSS) Light Vehicle Field Operational Test Key Findings Report, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), Ann Arbor, MI. Sponsored by U.S. Department of Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Administration, ITS Joint Program Office, Washington, DC, January 2011.
- PROJECT REPORT: Enhancing the Effectiveness of Safety Warning Systems for Older Drivers, Sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Administration, December 2010, DOT HS 811 417
- Vehicle Safety Communications - Applications VSC-A , Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington D.C. , January 2009, DOT HS 811 073
- Pre-Crash Scenario Typology for Crash Avoidance Research by Wassim G. Najm, John D. Smith, and Mikio Yanagisawa, Performed by John A. Volpe National Transportation System Center, Cambridge, MA, Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington DC, April 2007, DOT VNTSC-NHTSA-06-02, DOT HS 810 767.
- Vehicle Safety Communications Project: Task 3 Final Report - Identify Intelligent Vehicle Safety Applications Enabled by DSRC" - [html] Sponsored by NHTSA DOT HS 809 859 March 2005
- Third Annual Report of the Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership, April 2003-March 2004 M.Shulman, R.K. Deering;html] Sponsored by NHTSA DOT HS 809 837 February 2005
- Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership (CAMP) - Second Annual Report, Shulman, Mike; Deering, Richard, K., Sponsored by NHTSA, Washington DC, April 2002 - March 2003, DOT HS 809 663.
- NHTSA's V2V Communications Page